The next image shows the modeling of the pump at the main reservoir. Notice that there is a minimum tailwater of 20 feet and a maximum head differential of 200 ft. This specifies the limits of the pump's capabilities. In other words, it can't pump if the tailwater has a stage lower than 20 feet, and it can't pump if the head differential exceeds 200 feet. Also, notice that the capacity of the pump is 3,000 cfs.
Remember that a tailwater definition needs to be added for a power plant and also for a pump. In this case, the tailwater is simply set to a constant elevation of 40 feet.
For the operational data at the main reservoir, I specify two rules in the conservation zone. The first rule is a power generation rule. I am using a plant factor of 100% for the entire conservation zone. This means that the entire generating capacity of the power plant is available anywhere in the conservation zone.
The next image shows the power generation pattern. I have power being generated for 0600 hours to 1000 hours and from 1400 hours to 1900 hours.
Recall that the intent of the example was to have power being generated during a morning and afternoon peak. The pumpback occurs in the overnight hours from 2300 hours to 0300 hours. In the rule shown below, I have specified that the full pump capacity be used, and that the source of the pumping is the pumpback reservoir.
I added one simple minimum release rule from the pumpback reservoir. This ensures that at least 10 cfs will be released.
The image below is showing the pool elevation at the main reservoir in the top plot and the release and pumpback in the bottom plot. In the bottom plot, the green is showing the release from the power plant, and the red line is showing the pumpback into the main reservoir. Throughout this entire simulation, the pool is in conservation.
Notice that during times of power generation that the pool elevation is declining since the release exceeds the 1,000 cfs inflow. During times of no generation and no pumping, the pool is rising due to the inflow. During times of pumping the pool rises faster since there is the combined effect of the upstream inflow along with the pumping into the reservoir.
The next image shows the impacts at the downstream reservoir. The top plot shows the pool elevation. The bottom plot shows the inflow (dark solid line), the outflow (green line), and the net inflow (dark dashed line).
When the upstream reservoir is generating, the inflow into the downstream pool from this generation causes the pool to rise. When there is no generation and no pumping, the inflow into the pool is zero and the outflow is very small at 10 cfs. The pool is essentially flat during these times. When there is pumping from this reservoir, the net inflow goes negative and the pool elevation decreases.